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thefilmarchive.org January 30, 2007 A capital gain is a profit that results from investments into a capital asset, such as stocks, bonds or real estate, which exceeds the purchase price. It is the difference between a higher selling price and a lower purchase price, resulting in a financial gain for the investor. Conversely, a capital loss arises if the proceeds from the sale of a capital asset are less than the purchase price. Capital gains may refer to “investment income” that arises in relation to real assets, such as property; financial assets, such as shares/stocks or bonds; and intangible assets such as goodwill. Many countries impose a tax on capital gains of individuals or corporations, although relief may be available to exempt capital gains: in relation to holdings in certain assets such as significant common stock holdings, to provide incentives for entrepreneurship, or to compensate for the effects of inflation. A dividend tax is an income tax on dividend payments to the stockholders (shareholders) of a company. In 2003, President George W. Bush proposed to eliminate the US dividend tax saying that “double taxation is bad for our economy and falls especially hard on retired people”. He also argued that while “it’s fair to tax a company’s profits, it’s not fair to double-tax by taxing the shareholder on the same profits.” Soon after, Congress passed the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003 (“JGTRRA”), which included some of the cuts Bush

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